Most families were very poor. Even their children had to work and they often died because the jobs were very hard and dangerous.
Men often did not became a job and so they were forced to steal. It was the only way they saw to get bread for them and their families. But if they were seen, they were charged and the judges were very hard.
Because so many people were poor many people were in prison. And because the prisons were overcrowd the judges became stricter and many people were hanged because of unimportant things like stealing bread or something like that.
But when the men were hanged the children had to steal and so on; many families fought with death every day and it was a vicious circle.
The English lost their colonies in America and so they had to search an new place where they could bring their prisoners to Later the former prisoners became the first settlers in Australia eher weniger praktischer Text uber Australien Australia is a very boring country.
It has an exciting history, but today the most interesting things ever happens are some ill sheep or January 2nd, which is a national holiday.
About 200 years ago the first British settlers came to Australia on January 2nd. So the white Australians celebrate it as the day, their ancestors arrived in Australia.
And the Aborigines are angry, because for them it is the day the invaders began to destroy their country, their culture and their life.
Most of the invaders were prisoners, which were send there because of the overcrowded prisons in Britain and the USA.
Until the War of Independence in the USA the British send their prisoners to colonies in the USA.
When they lost those colonies they remembered their in a way unused colonies on the other side of the earth, which were found by Captain James Cook in 1770. So five years after the USA won the War of Independence the British send their criminals to Australia.
There were a lot of them because of the social problems in Britain which were poverty, unemployment, hunger and illness.
Most families had to steal their food otherwise they had not survived.
Because the government did not do anything against this situation, the judges had to solve the problem.
They decided to be very strict and so a man who stole a rabbit or just a peace of bread was hanged.
But after some times they recognise that they could not hang the whole population.
So they searched for an alternative to death.
They lost their old prison colonies but then they remembered those colonies on the other side of the earth.
HM, they thought. Perhaps we can put them their. It s an empty, boring country and we are sure that the Aborigines want to have a little bit excitement so: let us take their country!!! So in 1788 first prisoners arrived in Australia.
They were taken into prisons and a lot of them had to work on farms, which were founded by young British people, who had no chances in Britain, with the help ...