The global financial crisis of 2008

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Cuprins proiect:

Introduction 3
Capitolul 1 - Overview 3
Capitolul 2 - Mortgages 4
Capitolul 3 - Mortgage backed securities 5
Capitolul 4 - Subprime mortgages 6
Capitolul 5 - The housing bubble 7
Capitolul 6 - The government’s response 8
Capitolul 7 - Dodd-Frank 9
Conclusions 11
Bibliography 12

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“A crisis is an opportunity riding a dangerous wind.”

Chinese Proverb

The Financial Crisis of 2008 stands as an enduring testament to the intricate interplay of financial markets, regulatory frameworks, and economic forces in the modern globalized economy.

This event, often referred to as the "Great Recession," not only laid bare the fragility of the financial system but also exposed the systemic risks and vulnerabilities that transcend national borders. Rooted in a complex web of causative factors, including the proliferation of subprime mortgages, the intricate financial instruments known as credit default swaps, and the inadequacies of regulatory oversight, the crisis triggered a cascading series of financial panics and economic downturns that reverberated across the globe. As economies and financial institutions teetered on the brink of collapse, governments embarked on unprecedented interventions and bailouts, altering the landscape of finance and regulation for years to come. This paper embarks on an in-depth examination of the causes, consequences, and enduring lessons derived from the Financial Crisis of 2008, shedding light on the intricacies of a crisis that reshaped the world's economic and financial foundations.

Chapter 1 - Overview

The 2008 Financial Crisis was indeed a monumental event in the history of global finance and economics. To underscore its significance, Ben Bernanke, aptly characterized the crisis as having the potential to usher in a global financial and economic meltdown reminiscent of the Great Depression of the 1930s, replete with catastrophic implications. Such a dire assessment by a prominent figure in the financial world underscores the gravity of the crisis and its capacity to bring about profound and far-reaching consequences.

The crisis was characterized by the abrupt and tumultuous collapse of major financial institutions, precipitous declines in housing and equity markets, and widespread economic contractions. This tumultuous sequence of events was underpinned by a confluence of factors, including the proliferation of high-risk subprime mortgages, the intricate financial instruments known as credit default swaps, and regulatory inadequacies that left the financial system susceptible to shockwaves. As a result, the crisis rippled across the global financial landscape, manifesting in bank failures, job losses, and severe contractions in economic output. In light of these manifold repercussions, it became evident that the 2008 Financial Crisis was not merely a transitory economic downturn but a systemic failure of historic proportions, necessitating an exhaustive examination of its origins, consequences, and enduring lessons.

Elaborating on the significance of Ben Bernanke's statement in academic language, it is imperative to recognize that his pronouncement underscores the exceptional gravity of the 2008 Financial Crisis. Drawing an explicit parallel with the Great Depression, a period synonymous with enduring economic suffering and systemic failures, serves to accentuate the enormity of the potential consequences that loomed over the global economy during the crisis.

The contrast with the meltdown reminiscent of the 1930’s invokes a sense of historical resonance, suggesting a scenario in which the world faced the specter of a prolonged and deep-seated economic downturn, precipitated by an acute financial implosion. This assessment signals not only the exceptional nature of the crisis but also the systemic risk it posed.

The financial implosion was marked by the abrupt disintegration of major financial institutions, a precipitous collapse of asset values, and pervasive economic retrenchment, there by providing empirical validation to Bernanke's concerns. Consequently, it is within this intricate and foreboding context that the 2008 Financial Crisis warrants comprehensive scholarly inquiry to ascertain the underpinning factors, repercussions, and pivotal insights necessary to navigate the complex terrain of contemporary finance and regulation.


1) Andrew W. (2012). Reading about the Financial Crisis: A Twenty-One-Book Review. Journal of Economic Literature, 50 (1): 151-78.

2) Christian De Cock. (2009). What I Read About the Global Financial Crisis in 2007 and 2008. Ephemera: Theory and Politics in Organization, Vol. 9, No. 1. University of Essex

3) Eric Helleiner. (2011). Understanding the 2007- 2008 Global Financial Crisis: Lessons for Scholars of International Political Economy. Annual Review of Political Science. Vol. 14:67-87

4) The Financial Crisis Inquiry Commission. (2011). “The Financial Crisis Inquiry Report”





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Facultatea de Contabilitate si Informatica de Gestiune , Academia de Studii Economice din Bucuresti
Contabilitate, Control si Expertiza
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Conf. Univ. Dr. Ioncică Diana-Eugenia
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