Country comparison Romania-Spain

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Cuprins proiect:

The history of Romania
The history of Spain
Similarities and differences
Country comparasion

Extras din proiect:

1- History of Romania

The history of Romania is rich and diverse, spanning thousands of years. Here is a brief overview:

Dacians and Romans (c. 2000 BCE - 271 CE): The region now known as Romania was initially inhabited by the Dacians, an ancient Indo-European people. In 106 CE, the Roman Empire conquered the region and integrated it into the province of Dacia. The Romans played a significant role in shaping the cultural and historical foundations of the area.

Migration Period and Medieval Period (271 - 14th century): As the Roman Empire declined, the region faced invasions by various migratory groups, including Goths, Huns, and Slavs. In the 13th century, Transylvania became a part of the Hungarian Kingdom, while Wallachia and Moldavia emerged as separate entities.

Ottoman Domination (14th - 19th century): In the 14th century, the Ottoman Turks began expanding into southeastern Europe. Wallachia and Moldavia became vassal states to the Ottoman Empire, facing intermittent periods of autonomy. Transylvania remained under Hungarian control until the Ottoman Turks conquered it in the 16th century.

Independence and Union (19th century): The 19th century witnessed a series of revolts and movements for independence across the Romanian principalities. The 1877-1878 Russo-Turkish War played a crucial role in Romania's path to independence. In 1881, Romania was officially recognized as a kingdom. The regions of Wallachia, Moldavia, and Transylvania were united into a single state.

World Wars and Interwar Period (20th century): Romania actively participated in World War I, and the aftermath saw significant territorial gains, including Transylvania, following the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. However, during World War II, Romania initially allied with Nazi Germany but later switched sides as the Soviet Union advanced. After the war, Romania fell under communist influence.

Communist Era (1947 - 1989): In 1947, King Michael I was forced to abdicate, leading to the establishment of a communist regime under Nicolae Ceaușescu in 1965. Romania endured a repressive period marked by economic hardship and political suppression. The regime ended dramatically in December 1989 with the overthrow of Ceaușescu, leading to the collapse of communism.

Post-Communist Era (1990 - Present): Romania transitioned to a democratic system after the fall of communism. The country faced economic challenges and political changes in the following years. Romania joined NATO in 2004 and the European Union in 2007, marking its integration into Western institutions.

Throughout its history, Romania has experienced various cultural influences, including Roman, Ottoman, Hungarian, and Slavic, which have contributed to its unique identity. Today, Romania is a European nation with a diverse cultural heritage and a rapidly developing economy

Romanian flag

2- History of Spain

Pre-Roman Period (Iberians and Celts): Before the Roman conquest, the Iberian Peninsula, where Spain is located, was inhabited by various indigenous peoples, including the Iberians and Celts.

Roman Hispania (218 BC - 409 AD): The Romans gradually conquered the Iberian Peninsula, and it became part of the Roman Empire. This period, known as Hispania, saw significant Romanization and the spread of Latin.

Visigothic Rule (409 - 711 AD): After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, the Visigoths established a kingdom on the Iberian Peninsula. However, their rule was disrupted by the Islamic Umayyad conquest in 711.

Islamic Rule (711 - 1492): The Moors, Muslims from North Africa, conquered most of the Iberian Peninsula. The Islamic rule left a lasting impact on Spain, influencing art, architecture, science, and philosophy. The Reconquista, a series of Christian campaigns, gradually pushed the Moors south, culminating in the capture of Granada in 1492.

Reconquista and the Catholic Monarchs: The Reconquista, a centuries-long effort to reclaim the Iberian Peninsula from Islamic rule, was completed in 1492 with the fall of Granada. This year also marked the marriage of Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile, known as the Catholic Monarchs, and the expulsion of Jews and Muslims from Spain.


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Publicat de:
Claudia Miscoci
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la facultate
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Istrate Ana Mihaela
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